Earth Observation and the legal community, a missing link
The idea of using satellite images for environmental law enforcement has been around for more than 20 years. An article written on the subject in 1997 complained, already than, that even “twenty-five years after the first release of satellite data to the non-military sector, the technology remains greatly under-utilized by the legal community.” Discussing some of the obstacles that the technology faced at the time, Hodge mentioned reliability, accuracy, reproducibility, and cost.
authors have recognized the potential of Earth Observation (EO) for
environmental law enforcement since the late 90s. The expectations were high. The
global monitoring was opening the doors leading to more effective environmental
management. New avenues for civil society participation were becoming possible,
as continuous and unbiased satellite observations could now provide measuring
sticks with which to hold international actors accountable.
Hoban and Penhoet saw the importance of supplying satellite data and
images to civil society groups and NGOs, as they could use these in their
awareness raising and monitoring activities, for education and lobbying
purposes, as well as to identify and prosecute violators of environmental law.
forward, this aspect has again been underlined by Ray Purdy who claimed that “disclosure
of pictures taken from EO technologies, showing environmental offences, could
be a new cornerstone in contemporary rights to information and public
participation”. Interestingly enough, he continues listing similar obstacles to
the use of EO for environmental law enforcement to Hodge’s 22 years younger
article. As the technical capabilities have improved and costs have fallen, he
focuses on the obstacle that has perhaps changed the least: the lack of
cooperation and awareness that would allow the technology to spread within the
legal sector. He further emphasises the need for environmental lawyers to engage
with experts in the EO field to ensure integration of the technologies.
These ambitions from the past 20+ years have unfortunately not come to full fruition and today there is still a lack of use of EO services for environmental law enforcement. “Being an innovation project, enviroLENS will work to tackle the remaining obstacle,” says Peter Langdahl, Ecosystem Management Project Officer at IUCN ECARO. “By working in the field we will prove how beneficial EO services can be for environmental law enforcement. We aim to showcase ways in which EO images can be used as direct evidence, including in a court of law and in related contractual negotiations,” he announces.
Introducing enviroLENS to the European, North and Central Asian Conservation Community
Reliable, cost-effective and easy-to-use data for monitoring
of environmental compliance is becoming more and more pertinent. Innovative
solutions and technologies, such as Earth Observation tools, can fill critical
data and information gaps, especially where human and financial resources are
scarce. Uniting Earth Observation tools with the environmental law and legal
domain provides novel and unique types of services that enable a number of
actors to promote and advocate for legal compliance.
Two representatives from the enviroLENS team were present at the IUCN Regional Conservation Forum for Europe, North and Central Asia that took place in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, 1 – 3 July 2019, and put on display our new informative project poster. The interest shown throughout the event demonstrated that the project is particularly relevant for the conservation community. More than 320 participants, arriving from all corners of Europe as well as from North and Central Asia, had the chance to learn about the powerful tools that enviroLENS is currently developing.
“As an NGO engaged with nature conservation in Albania for the last 20 years, we see a great potential of eLENS portal,” said Genti Kromidha, President of the Institute for Nature Conservation in Albania. “It could impact our on-the-ground action significantly and empower civil society organizations, by providing the tools that could be used for advocacy and lobbying to end any illegal activities observed,” he added.
Participants of the Forum called for bold action to achieve
transformative change. This goes hand-in-hand with technological innovations
that can be applied across sectors. enviroLENS, thus, offers a unique opportunity
to bring the potential of European satellites – Copernicus – to the environmental legal
domain. In this way, the conservation community can benefit from access to
relevant, easy-to-use Earth Observation tools, to achieve legal compliance in
support of the protection of biodiversity and vital ecosystems – for instance
in relation to activities in and/or around protected areas.
Algorithms, methods, flows and services… building the ELENS portal
enviroLENS is responding to the demands of the
jurisdictional sector for ready-to-access evidence and scenario information on
environmental situations. Its main technological innovation will be the eLENS Portal,
an advanced information system uniting Earth Observation (EO) with the
environmental law and legal domain. It will create novel and unique types of
providing public information on environmental violations for citizens and authorities;
facilitating evidence collection within the legal sector; and
offering an interface for EO-based services that monitor past and current environmental incidences. Furthermore, an alert service will notify immediately about violations.
Technical partners have designed a roadmap for the development of eLENS Portal, supposing the contribution from each in their area of excellence. Under the coordination of GeoVille, these technical wizards have agreed on the next steps during a meeting at Sinergise HQ in Ljubljana, Slovenia, 17-18 June 2019.
JSI will continue to work on data semantics. Sinergise will focus on EO-Toolset while AUTH dives into EO modelling and essential variables algorithms. “We have started to work on eLENS Miner, and the challenge there for us is to find ways to combine databases of statutory documents from all over the world and put them to work. Our aim is to semantically analyse legal texts and use them to access, reuse, and create knowledge, which is interconnected with the available solution in the EO domain. Exciting times ahead!” says Florian Girtler (GeoVille), Software developer and technical coordinator for enviroLENS.